In general, in life it is easy to focus on the ideal or the end goal and it is much harder to think of how they can be achieved. This is where many heads get lost in the clouds, buried in the sand, and ultimately, this is where many get lost in their own minds. If one’s head is too high in the clouds, they will get their feet kicked out from under them, and they will be faced with boots to the brain. How nice it would seem, to think about Eden without being prepared to build the Tower of Babel in order to achieve it…
Given that Fascism is itself a fairly political realist philosophy, despite its own style of idealism, many of its modern day adherents fall prey to a mistake that history has afforded them. In particular, many modern Fascists are lost in their own minds, without any sense of pragmatism. History has shown them a conceivable end goal, and they are so enamoured with it that they have overlooked the means required to achieve said ideal.
Where Capitalism evolved from Liberalism to Industrialism to Financial Globalism, where Communism evolves from Capitalism to Socialism to International Communism; This is where Fascist praxis has its own 3 stages: from Populism to Corporatism to a kind of of Imperial Apotheosis.
In reality, Fascism did not start off as some kind of Himmlerite Teutonic State, nor did it start off as some kind of Hitlerian Germania. Like all things that eventually become great, Fascism had humble origins, regardless of which country we look to. In fact, one could say that it was implemented in the following stages:
1. Early-Stage Fascism:
Early-Stage Fascism relies on a very particular character, namely, it has an organic quality insofar as it is based on tapping into the popular will. Whether this entails appealing to the working-class or the basic, social trends/traditions within a given territory––ultimately, it is about offering the masses what the elites are denying them, whether materially or spiritually.
When one compares the Proto-Fascism of Marinetti or D’annunzio with the Fascism of Mussolini, one can see the wide range of forms that this populist quality can take insofar as it is capable of appealing to both the Left and the Right.
Early-Stage Fascism also has to take what it is given (and give in order to take) insofar as it must mould the masses from a more vulgar and mundane state of being. In this respect, Fascism has to be adaptive, like the Sculptor who must work with his marble in order to create his masterpiece.
2. Mid-Stage Fascism:
Mid-Stage Fascism has its own unique and organic quality. The goal of this stage is to achieve the body politic from the popular will. This is done through bringing factions within the state and consolidating the power of the state over said factions. In other words, one must corporatize the syndicates and syndicate the corporations.
Perhaps none embody this approach better than Mussolini, who, despite not being an “economist” in the formal sense of the term, was one of the first to really manipulate an entire liberal-democratic economy through the nation-state. As John Maynard Keynes said of Mussolini, “he had his Wisdom teeth”.
On one hand, Mussolini brought the labour unions under the domain of the state before replacing them with labour bodies within the state. On the other hand, Mussolini initially liberalized the market and adopted the gold standard to the benefit of the merchant class, only to force them to cartelize while the state gradually monopolized over more and more of the Italian economy and eventually imposed its own fiat currency.
3. Late-Stage Fascism:
Late-Stage Fascism is where the “eugenic” quality of Fascism comes into play. Once the state has consolidated power, it can begin to select for an ideal type of human-–a new man or or an Overman. Here, Fascism achieves a kind of Imperial Apotheosis, whereby Humanity is brought to its peak potential through a strong state.
When one looks at the transition from the SA to the SS in Germany, one can see an example of the dynamics of Late-Stage Fascism. Such a transition doesn’t even necessarily have to involve bloodshed, more than it requires a state that has a mechanism by which it can encourage the selection of those who are most disposed towards the virtues that are conducive to a functional social order.
In truth, any state that cares about its people will try to encourage what is best for them: the challenge is finding a state that cares about its people in the first place…